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Financial Statements Supporting a Residential Investment | International Residential Real Estate Investors Association
Tuesday January 23rd 2018

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Financial Statements Supporting a Residential Investment

Investors are often out of their depth producing required documents for lenders and investors. They feel inadequate or poorly prepared to accomplish this end. However, preparing the documents is really mainly a function of knowing what the documents are and how they interrelate.

The key documents for a rental investment whether it is a single family home, a duplex, a four plex or an apartment complex of several hundred are:

  1. The residential rental property information including age of construction, number and type of units, amenities, acreage, number of buildings, features per unit (appliances, flooring, carpet, heating, air conditioning, bathrooms, bedrooms, etc.), and address;
  2. Debt information including term, amortization, rate, interest only or not, and amount plus broker and lender information fees and origination costs;
  3. Capitalization table with investor information including name, address, email, phone, fax number, amount invested, price per unit, number of units purchase, total equity invested, and management interest;
  4. Sources and uses showing debt (from the debt information), equity (from capitalization table), fees, improvement reserve, operating reserve, purchase price with sources equal to uses;
  5. Balance sheet showing assets consisting of operating reserve, improvement reserve, buildings, land, and other, liabilities showing all debts, and owner equity. Assets will equal liability plus owners equity. Buildings and land will include the capitalized costs of the purchase price and fees;
  6. Pro Forma financials showing revenue, expenses, debt service, improvement costs, net cash flow and operating reserve;
  7. Occupancy assumptions per month over the life of the project. Most banks will want to see a minimum of three years and up to seven years. Normally five is a number of years that works for all;
  8. Key metric calculation for Net Operating Income, estimated value based on assumed capitalization rates, loan to value ratios, and debt service coverage ratios; and
  9. Return calculations including Internal Rate of Return (IRR), cash on cash performance, and return on investment as a ratio of cash flow annually to cash invested.

(The following examples are generated by our financial statement tool.)

With these defined, investors can easily pull the information together, ask there accountant to pull the tables together, or use a service or tools to complete these documents. In fact, we have prepared a package of tables that allow simply filling in the blank to produce all the tables automatically. As an investor, the onus is limited to knowing your expected debt terms, investments by investor, property information, planned improvement costs, and expected income and expense. The worksheet then automatically produces the entire set for you.

Keep in mind as you consider this information, that regardless of how you produce these statements, you should examine the documents to assure that they make sense at each level. When completing this you should be checking balancing amounts on the balance sheets, verifying expense totals, verifying revenue totals, verifying income, verifying cash flow, and so on.

by Blake Ratcliff

“The IRREIA - Making residential real estate investing more fun and rewarding
through better education, tools, information, and networking!”


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